Most of them speak Bengali , a language from the Indo-Aryan language family. The term "Bangalee" is also used to denote people of Bangladesh as a nation. Bengalis are the third-largest ethnic group in the world, after Han Chinese and Arabs. Their ethnonym is derived from the ancient Banga or Bangla. The exact origin of the word Bangla is unknown, though it is believed to come from "Bong", a son of Hind, [ citation needed ] who colonised the area and his descendants were the Dravidian -speaking people Bang. The records of Rajendra Chola I of the Chola dynasty , who invaded Bengal in the 11th century, speak of Govindachandra as the ruler of Vangaladesa.
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A calendar era is the period of time elapsed since one epoch of a calendar and, if it exists, before the next one. In antiquity, regnal years were counted from the accession of a monarch. This makes the Chronology of the ancient Near East very difficult to reconstruct, based on disparate and scattered king lists, such as the Sumerian King List and the Babylonian Canon of Kings. In East Asia, reckoning by era names chosen by ruling monarchs ceased in the 20th century except for Japan , where they are still used. For over a thousand years, ancient Assyria used a system of eponyms to identify each year. Each year at the Akitu festival celebrating the Mesopotamian new year , one of a small group of high officials including the king in later periods would be chosen by lot to serve as the limmu for the year, which meant that he would preside over the Akitu festival and the year would bear his name.
Bangladesh shares land borders with India to the west, north, and east, Myanmar to the southeast, and the Bay of Bengal to the south. It is narrowly separated from Nepal and Bhutan by the Siliguri Corridor , and from China by Sikkim , in the north, respectively. Dhaka , the capital and largest city , is the nation's economic, political, and cultural hub. Chittagong , the largest seaport , is the second-largest city.
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