Radiocarbon dating also referred to as carbon dating or carbon dating is a method for determining the age of an object containing organic material by using the properties of radiocarbon , a radioactive isotope of carbon. The method was developed in the late s at the University of Chicago by Willard Libby , who received the Nobel Prize in Chemistry for his work in It is based on the fact that radiocarbon 14 C is constantly being created in the atmosphere by the interaction of cosmic rays with atmospheric nitrogen. The resulting 14 C combines with atmospheric oxygen to form radioactive carbon dioxide , which is incorporated into plants by photosynthesis ; animals then acquire 14 C by eating the plants.
Radiocarbon helps date ancient objects—but it's not perfect
Radiocarbon Dating | Definition of Radiocarbon Dating by Merriam-Webster
An Indian text commonly referred to as The Bakhshali Manuscript is documented as the oldest record of the concept of zero and it was believed to be originally from the 9th century. Radiocarbon dating is a technique used by archaeologists to determine the approximate age of an artifact and or ecofact. It is the most common and reliable absolute dating technique. Researchers were able to use radiocarbon dating on The Bakhshali Manuscript because it was made out of birch bark, an organic material. However, it was difficult to determine the true age of The Bakhshali Manuscript because the 70 page document is composed of materials from three different time periods.
Sentence count Posted: Updated: Most errors in radiocarbon dating arise because the excavator has not fully understood the formation processes of the context in question. Just as dramatically, radiocarbon dating has shown that the Neolithic was introduced to Britain at least years earlier than previously believed. All of the caveats that apply to radiocarbon dating apply to its use in authentication. The principles of radiocarbon dating are fairly straight forward, but in practice there are many problems.
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