For more than a century, countries have wrestled with how to improve international cooperation in the face of major outbreaks of infectious diseases. A new outbreak of cholera, a bacterial infection contracted through the consumption of contaminated food and water, begins in India at the turn of the century. The outbreak spreads to Russia, as well as to parts of the Middle East and North Africa, ultimately killing hundreds of thousands of people—with particularly high death tolls in India and Russia. Advancements in sanitation and public hygiene are credited with preventing the pandemic from taking hold in Europe and North America. A new influenza virus begins to spread worldwide amid the upheavals of World War I. There is no consensus on the origin of the pandemic, but it is first publicly reported in Spain. Many governments look to isolation measures, quarantines, and disinfecting efforts, but the global movement of troops hinders containment.
A few weeks ago, and long before social distancing, we met up with the lovely Christine Ekechi in very busy and noisy! British Library. Christine talks about the taboos surrounding infertility for the BAME community and the conflict they face when unable to conceive. Christine explains why the numbers of BAME women seeking fertility treatments are so low. She tells us that lack of awareness, stigma, religious issues and lower-income are all barriers for asking for help and seeking treatment.
This paper presents the findings of a qualitative assessment aimed at exploring knowledge, attitudes, and practices regarding family planning and factors that influence the need for and use of modern contraceptives. A descriptive exploratory study was conducted with married women and men aged between 15 and Overall, 24 focus group discussions were conducted with male and female participants in three provinces of Pakistan. The findings reveal that the majority knew about some modern contraceptive methods, but the overall contraceptive use was very low. Knowledge and use of any contraceptive method were particularly low.